Sept. 15 8:44 pm
- Most media falsely portrayed Ferguson protests as riots and Mike Brown as a criminal
- Grand jury now has until JANUARY to decide whether to charge Darren Wilson (x) (x) (x) (x)
- Congresswoman Elanor H. Norton stands with Ferguson
- Ferguson teach-in tomorrow
- National labor leader says unions, like the nation, must confront racism
THE NINE CHOIRS OF HEAVEN. An info-graphic for my editorial class and god am I thankful it’s done. Way too much went into this than what I had time for, but hey… I actually kind of like it?
Now excuse me, I must return to my fashion major lifestyle and go sew a coat u_u
EDIT: Re-uploaded with easier viewing!
Beautiful graphic. Gorgeous.
An info-graphic to go along with my Angelic Hierarchies post? Thank goodness!
There’s some disparity. I was always taught the order was supposed to go Seraphim, Cherubim, Ophanim, Dominions, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archangels, angels.
That was my only gripe. But I can forgive because this was so beautiful.
Just jumping in here because this is one of my favorite things to research in my spare time. c:
From everything I’ve studied, there are at least ten different versions of the Hierarchy, at least in Medieval theology. And some of the groups in each sphere have various names (such as Thrones also being called Ophanim), and there are a few groups that only appear in certain manuscripts and never again (such as Aeons and Hosts in the 1st Century Apostolic Constitutions). A few manuscripts only list seven ranks, and others invert the order of angels completely.
That’s not even looking at the Jewish angelic hierarchy, which is completely different and comprised of ten (I think?) separate ranks of angels. Although I don’t know much on this other than a passing glance; I am not Jewish nor have I studied Judaism in depth.
I can’t speak on what is being taught in Christian groups now, as my family was never that religious. But just like all parts of religion, the Angelic Hierarchy contradicts itself depending on who you reference from, but it seems the above is the commonly accepted order.
I have also seen referenced two different classes of Archangels. One is capitalized and refers to Michael, Gabriel, etc, or those angels who have authority over all angels (which is a whole other matter: some sources refer to four Archangels, some refer to seven, the New Testament only refers to Michael and Gabriel, it all gets very confusing). And the second group is lowercase and simply refers to the 8th angelic rank.
I’ve also seen Satan referred to as belonging to different spheres. Ephesians 6:12 could be interpreted as Satan belonging to Powers, but Thomas Aquinas claims he was a Cherub. Lucifer is generally considered an Archangel (capitalized) or a Seraph, I think, but don’t quote me on that as it is also my UPG (whether or not you consider Satan and Lucifer the same is your own UPG and whole different story entirely, I don’t yet know where I stand on that matter).
But for all I know I could have everything backwards on this, I am not a scholarly source on angels. I just enjoy studying them.
"Contradict" is a bit strong. Rather, the Christian sources we have on angelic hierarchy drew from various traditions, from biblical to extra-biblical sources, with much extrapolation and speculation in between. Keep in mind that no one written account on angels outside the Bible is definitive, though some accounts, such as those of the Angelic Doctor, are given more weight than others. Additionally, many of the lists rather agree with each other in number, order, and/or names.
I cannot speak for other Christian traditions, but the definitive list in Catholicism is provided by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in De Coelesti Hierarchia, mostly because of its inclusion and explanation by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the Summa Theologiae (specifically in I, Q. 108, art. 5). Because of the influence of the Angelic Doctor in Catholic theology, this list is the most commonly accepted one in all Christianity. Furthermore, Aquinas also draws on the writings of Pope Saint Gregory the Great, specifically from his Forty Gospel Homilies.
Additionally, although only Michael and Gabriel are mentioned in the New Testament, they are also mentioned in the Book of the Prophet Daniel. Raphael is mentioned in the Book of Tobit, which is considered deuterocanon by Catholics (but only apocryphal by most Protestants). Furthermore, though the Catholic Church only recognizes three archangels by name, the understanding is that there are seven, drawing from Raphael’s role in Tobit and the vision of the seven angels before God from the Apocalypse of John. Uriel is mentioned in 2 Esdras (considered apocryphal by many Christians, though an important part of tradition). Seven archangels together are listed in both the Book of Enoch, which was very influential in the early Christian community, and Gregory’s 24th Homily on the Gospel.
Much of Catholic writing is split on the Archangels in two ways: First, taking from Aquinas’s opinions on Michael and Gabriel, is that the seven indeed belong to the second-lowest order, but thus are chief among God’s messengers. The second is that the seven do not necessarily come from the second-lowest order. This stems from the opinion on Michael from the Greek Father Saint Basil and Jesuit theologians Alphonsus Salmeron and Saint Robert Bellarmine, who viewed Michael as higher than all other angels.
Furthermore, it is attested on the authority of the Fathers, especially through the Prophet Isaiah (cf. Isaiah 14:12-15) that Lucifer and Satan are one and same, but Lucifer is not the proper name of Satan, being rather the “state from which he fell.” (cf. De Angelis by Jesuit theologian Denis Pétau, aka Dionysius Petavius)
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His crime is now canon
When no one was looking, Lex Luthor
took forty cakes. He took 40 cakes.
That’s as many as four tens.
And that’s terrible.
OH MY GOD THEY MADE IT CANON